GDP: US$85.4 billion (2006).
Main imports: Machinery and equipment, food, chemicals, wood products and fuels.
Main exports: Crude oil, petroleum products, cotton, textiles and metal products.
Main trade partners: USA, Italy, China, Spain and Germany.
During the 1990s, stern fiscal policies, agreed with the IMF and World Bank, and further market-oriented measures slowed the Egyptian economy but in recent years it has picked up again. By 2007, annual growth had reached 7% although inflation had crept back up to 9% - double that of 2003. According to the 2006 census, unemployment stood at 9.3% (although there is considerable under-employment). Egypt's major industries are textiles, fertilisers, rubber products and cement. There are also steel production works and several vehicle assembly plants. The main crops are cotton, rice, wheat, sugar, maize and a range of fruit and vegetables.
The tourist sector is expanding rapidly, particularly along the Red Sea and Mediterranean coasts, despite sporadic terrorist activities of Islamic fundamentalists. Agriculture, which relies on irrigation from the Nile, employs one-third of the working population. Foreign aid, especially from the USA, is an important source of government funds.
Cairo is also in every respect the center of Egypt, as it has been almost since its founding in 969 AD. The majority of the nation's commerce is generated there, or passes through the city. The great majority of publishing houses and media outlets and nearly all film studios are there, as are half of the nation's hospital beds and universities. This has fueled rapid construction in the city—one building in five is less than 15 years old.
This astonishing growth until recently surged well ahead of city services. Homes, roads, electricity, telephone and sewer services were all suddenly in short supply. Analysts trying to grasp the magnitude of the change coined terms like "hyper-urbanization".
Cairo Dress Code
Casual clothing is standard wear in Cairo, with few places insisting upon formal attire. Egyptians are used to visitors removing layers in the heat of the sun and although they feel disapproval there is rarely any manifestation of it. However, if visitors would like to respect their hosts there are certain constraints that should be observed. Islam teaches that displaying the human body is not acceptable. Tight clothing, shorts, strappy tops and miniskirts would not be suitable, particularly when visiting mosques. Long, loose clothing that covers the arms and legs will be cooler, keep the sun from burning and gain respect from the Muslim population.
Greeting Someone in Cairo
Shaking hands upon greeting someone in Egypt is perfectly acceptable. However, there are a few important points to note. Although a left-handed greeting is not the norm anywhere, here in Egypt it is actually deemed offensive. It is also better to accept gifts and eat with the right hand rather than the left. Sitting down with the soles of the feet facing another person is considered impolite. To show respect for Egypt's religious sensibilities, refrain from public displays of affection, particularly between opposite sexes.
Cairo Business Hours and Banking
Government offices are open from 09:00 to 14:00, except on Fridays and sometimes Saturdays. Business hours for the private sector are generally 09:00 to 14:00 in winter (13:00 in summer); most open again in the evening from 17:00 to 20:00. Muslim businesses may be closed on Thursday afternoons and Fridays; Christian businesses on Saturday afternoons and Sundays.
Restaurants cater for both smokers and non-smokers, but there is a ban on smoking on public transport and the visitor should observe this. In business, it is advisable to refrain and take cues from the host.
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Omar Ibn El Khattab Street, Cairo, 11737
Hotel DescriptionThe luxurious InterContinental Citystars Cairo is situated adjacent to Cairo's largest retail and leisure complex, Citystars Heliopolis, and is the ideal starting point for tours, sightseeing and enjoying the vibrant life of Cairo'. The...
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Corniche el Nil, Garden City, Cairo, 11511
Explore the ancient and enthralling city of Cairo while staying at the Semiramis InterContinental Cairo Hotel. The great Pyramids of Ghiza, the Egyptian Museum, River Nile, Coptic Cairo and many more attractions of the city are just...
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Uruba Street, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt
Hotel Introduction A recently renovated, atrium-style luxury hotel, the Sheraton Heliopolis Hotel, Towers& Casino is situated in Cairo's prominent district. The hotel offers a wide variety of restaurants and services. Hotel...
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35 Giza Street, P.O. Box 663, El Orman, Cairo, 12311
1089 Corniche EL Nil, P.O. Box 63, Maglis EL Shaab, Garden City, Cairo, 11519
Hotel Description: The New Nile Plaza is a Magnificent, Multi-Use Development, With Upscale Shopping, Private Residences and, of Course, Four Seasons Hotel Cairo At Nile Plaza.Rising Thirty Storeys On the Corniche At the Nile Rivers Widest Point,... more
Corniche El Nil, Garden City Roda Island, Cairo, 2288
Description The allure of a historic and mysterious culture, the thirst for magnificence and the hunt for luxury, leads travellers to the Grand Hyatt Cairo Hotel, the landmark of luxury and sophistication in the capital city of great Egypt... more
Ring Road, Mirage City, P.O. Box 427, Heliopolis, Cairo, 11757
Hotel Description:The JW Marriott Hotel Cairo is an international hotel destination for both business and leisure travelers. Located in the Mirage City area of Cairo ten miles northeast of downtown, this full-service resort hotel combines deluxe... more
El Remaya Square, P.O. Box 25, Pyramids, Cairo, 12561
Le Meridien Cairo Pyramids Hotel is a majestic hotel blessed with views of the magnificent Pyramids of Giza, one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World. Located near the Cairo International Airport, Le Meridien Cairo Pyramids Hotel is also only just... more
16 Saraya El Gezira Street, P.O. Box 33, Zamalek, Cairo, 11211
Pyramids' Road, Giza, Cairo
Hotel Description: The Hotel Was Built in 1869. Under the Shadow of the Great Pyramids of Giza, Lies Cairo'S Most Prestigious Hotel, Which Was an Old Royal Hunting Lodge. It Has 40 Acres of Jasmin-Scented Gardens. There is a Magnificent 18-Hole... more
1115 Corniche El Nile, Cairo, Egypt
Take in views of the Nile and the Pyramids from the Ramses Hilton hotel's 36th-floor Windows on the World bar. Relax by the sun-drenched outdoor pool or enjoy alfresco dining at the Garden Court Café. On the banks of the Nile, the hotel boasts a well-equipped... more
Galaa Square, P.O. Box 11, Cairo
Hotel Introduction Sheraton Cairo Hotel, Towers and Casino is ideally located on the west bank of the River Nile. With cosmopolitan modern adjoining towers, our hotel proudly stands tall as one of Cairo's finest landmarks. Hotel... more
3 El Tayaran Street, P.O. Box 9039, Nasr City, Cairo
All rooms feature air-conditioning, satellite television, radio, mini bar, hair dryer and direct-dial telephone.Our Royal Club Floor offers special amenities to guests. The hotel is fully equipped with a fire alarm system and smoke detectors in every room. Hotel... more
2 El Gezira El Wosta Street,Cairo
The Golden Tulip Flamenco is set in the heart of the residential and diplomatic sector of Cairo and overlooking the Nile. Hotel Flamenco is located away from the bustle of the city, yet conveniently close to the centre of activity with its wealth of culture, history,... more
1191 Courniche El Nile Street, Cairo, Egypt
On the River Nile and part of the World Trade Center complex, the Hilton Cairo World Trade Center Residence is 10 minutes' walk from the business district. Swim laps in the outdoor pool or dine on Mediterranean fare at ''The Lounge''. All guest rooms are Suites with... more
51 El Orouba Street, Heliopolis, Cairo, 2466
Situated in the exclusive residential area of Heliopolis, the Le Meridien Heliopolis hotel is within close proximity to the Presidential Palace and... more
Cornish El Nil, Maadi, Po Box 217, 11431 Cairo, Egypt
Description Sofitel Cairo Maadi Towers Hotel is a beautiful hotel in
Ext. 26th Of July St., 0 Cairo, Egypt
Hotel IntroductionFour star hotel offering 195 rooms. The Novotel Cairo 6th of October is located in 6 October City, five minutes away from the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, 30 minutes from downtown Cairo and 45 minutes from Cairo International Airport.... more
Po Box 8 Cairo Airport, 11776 Cairo, Egypt
Hotel IntroductionHotel featuring 204 rooms. A short stroll from the airport. 17km from the center of Cairo and 8 km from the International Convention and Exhibition Center. The hotel features 8 shops, 2 bars, a swimming pool and 3 meeting rooms. AccommodationNumber... more